西湖名师论坛第十八期 Westlake Master Forum Tien-Yau Luh:Stromaphanes——A New Type of Two-dimensional Polymer

来源:WIAS 发布时间:2018-11-13 作者: 阅读数:385次



时间:2018年11月13日(周二)   上午10:30- 11:30

Time: November 13, 2018   10:30-11:30AM

地点:西湖大学云栖校区5号楼一楼学术报告厅

Venue: Lecture Hall, 1st Floor, Build 5, Yunqi Campus

主持人: 理学院PI 刘志常博士

Host: Dr. Zhichang Liu, School of Science




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主讲嘉宾:


Professor Tien-Yau Luh 陆天尧

Distinguished Chair Professor and Professor Emeritus,Department of Chemistry, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

Tien-Yau Luh obtained his Ph.D. degree from the University of Chicago (with L. M. Stock) in 1974.  After spending two years of postdoctoral research at the University of Minnesota (with P. G. Gassman), he began his independent research at the Chinese University of Hong Kong in 1976.  He moved back in 1988 to his alma mater, Taiwan University where he has been University Chair Professor. He officially retired from Taiwan University in August of 2016 and was appointed as Distinguished Chair Professor and Professor Emeritus.

He has published over 290 papers and has received numerous awards (e.g. Academic Award, Chemical Society Located in Taipei, 2012, JSPS Fellow, 2010, NTU Distinguished Professor of Chemistry, 2006-2012, Distinguished Research Fellow, Institute of Chemistry, Academia Sinica, 2001-2004, Taiwan Chair Award , 1999-2002, Education Award for the Outstanding Research in Science, 1998, Ho Chin Tui Foundation Science Award, 1998, Outstanding Scholar Award, Foundation for the Advancement of Outstanding Scholarship, 1995-2000, Executive Yuan's Outstanding Award on Science and Technology, 1994).  He is also serving as a member of the advisory/editorial board for ChemComm, Chemistry-A European Journal, The Chemical Record, Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, Tetrahedron, Tetrahedron Letters and Springer Lecture Notes in Chemistry. His current research interests include organometallic chemistry in organic and polymer synthesis, and chemistry of materials.

 

讲座摘要:

We have extensively investigated the chemistry of ladderphanes and related polymers.1 The polymeric backbones in these ladderphanes are obtained by ring opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of norbornene and cyclobutene.  Both symmetrical and unsymmetrical ladderphanes are obtained conveniently.  It is worthy to note that an aniline pendant would be indispensable for controlling the stereoselectivity of the ROMP reactions. 

When cyclopropene derivative 1 was used, polymer 2 was obtained with all double bonds in trans configuration. In addition, dimeric cyclohexadiene 3 was isolated and the separation of the small molecule 3 from polymer 2 was in general trival.  The 100% E-specificity for the formation of 2 suggests that the reaction may behave similarly as that in DNA proofreading and repair in replication.2

When a bis-cyclopropene derivative 4 was treated with Grubbs-I catalyst, a new type brick-wall-like two-dimensional polymer, stromaphane 5, was obtained. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) revealed that 5 has adopted a 2D structure.  The mechanism for the formation of 5 will be discussed.


 

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1.For reviews, see: Luh, T.-Y. Acc. Chem. Res. 2013, 46, 378; Luh, T.-Y.; Ding, L. Tetrahedron 2017, 73, 6487. Lai, G.; Luh, T.-Y. Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 2018, 91, 262.

2.For reviews, see: Lindahl, T. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 55, 8528-8534 (2016); Modrich, P. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 55, 8490-8501 (2016); Sancar, A. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 55, 8502-8527 (2016).

 

联系人:科技合作部  沈老师   shenxiaolian@westlake.edu.cn